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Feminist Leaders

Lucretia Mott

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"It is the duty of the women of this country to secure themselves their sacred right to the elective franchise"

Lucretia Mott was a women's rights activist who started out fighting for the abolition of slavery when she realized that the women were experiencing the same inequality as slaves. The religious role of women allowed her to participate actively in the abolition of slavery, and later feminist movements.







Lucretia was born on January 3, 1793 in Nantucket, Massachussets where she was raised as a pacifist Quaker by her equal, independent mother. At the age of fifteen Lucretia became an assistant at the boarding school, Nine Partners, in Pughkeepsie, New York. She strongly objected to slavery due to her Quaker beliefs, so in 1833 she traveled to the American Anti- Slavery Convention to find that she was not allowed to participate because she was a woman. In response she created the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society.

On May 15, 1838 Lucretia assisted the creation of the Anti- Slavery Convention of American Women. She was appointed as a vice president, and was elected to the business committee. With the belief that women were pure and religious guides, they resolved that they should not associate with any churches supporting slavery. Two days later the hall was burned down by a mob.



During 1840 Lucretia Mott became a member of the American Anti-Slavery Society, and was elected as society's representatiove for the World Anti Slavery Convention in London, but yet again she was unable to participate due to her gender. After this second gender discrimination she vowed to create a women;s rights convention upon returning to the United States.

Seneca Falls occured during July 1848, and spurred on the women's rights movement. The convention demanded that women receive the rights equal to men guaranteed to the American citizens, and discussed the social, civil and rleigious rights and current situations women faced.

Lucretia Mott wrote "The Discourse on Woman" in 1850 which traced how the inferiority of women came about in society by restricted education, limited employment and low wages.



In 1866 a pressing question came about addressing slavery or women's rights more significant. In order to maintain the partnership of the abolition and feminist movements an American Equal Rights Association was formed. The members of the association elected Lucretia as president of the club.



On November 11, 1880 Lucretia Mott died in Philadelphia.